Paper presented to the session on "Comparative History and Comparative Politics" of the XIth World Congress of the International Political Science Association , Edinburgh, l6th-2lst August, 1976. Published in the International Social Sciences Journal, 30, 1, 98-115, 1977.
Abstract: Data & concepts relative to the national integration & identity-building processes in Brazil are discussed. The present situation in Brazil is one of dualism between the modern & affluent sector & the large poor majority, rather than one moving in the direction of a homogenous & integrated society. Social & geographical mobility patterns are examined with reference to migration statistics. The introduction of market mechanisms to the countryside is studied as well as the social consequences of mobility at its point of origin & point of destination. General remarks on the kind of society which is evolving & emerging social identity patterns are presented. The chances of bringing the whole country up to the production, technology, & consumption levels of its rich centers are viewed as remote in the foreseeable future. Redistributive policies are discussed & problems encountered relative to allocating resources to groups having no chances of joining the labor force are noted.